We are going to study the physical preparation for Handball and more precisely that of the French women’s team during the Tokyo Olympic Game.
The physical trainer programs and periodizes his works according to 4 key priorities : aerobic, structural, coordination/agility and combat
We are going to deal with them one by one.
The “aerobic” part consists of two types of work:
- First of all, endurance because it is necessary, as in most team sports, to be able to perform for more than an hour. This work will enable you to sustain an intense effort over time, delaying the onset of fatigue as long as possible.
- Secondly, it is necessary to work on aerobic power. The short and very short can be used for this work. This form of work can be worked on in the form of play (work on getting the ball up, defensive withdrawal, etc.)
Structural: strength, power, robustness
Several forms of work make up the “strucutal” part :
- No-load strength training: These are “general physical preparation” -type exercises such as push-ups, sit-ups or even jump rope work.
- Strength training with loads: either on the upper or lower body, on isokinetic or analytical machines, in the form of weightlifting, etc.
- Dynamic sheathing work: sheathing on the complete chain with unipodal or multipodal supports. Sheathing can also be worked on in the form of dissociation (top/bottom, right/left…). Moreover, the notion of duel imposes to work on the management of the body to body whether it is offensive or defensive (in a specific way handball or even in the form of combat sport on a tatami).
2 distinct types of work are achieve to work on coordination and agility
- Weightlifting exercises, and more specifically the clean and Jerk, will help to work on coordination. It is fundamental to be able to strengthen the whole chain of these athletes in order to be more efficient but also to prevent injuries, whether they are articular or muscular.
- The second area of work concerns agility. … Rhythm scales and rhythm courses can be used to carry out this work.
Finally, a more combat-oriented part will be implemented. Combat sports such as judo or wrestling are useful. However, it is possible to do integrated combat work. This makes it possible to get as close as possible to a match situation.
It is however important to underline that certain exercises can be “hybrid” by crossing several axes of work. Indeed, Pierre Terzi uses weight training which he often combines with the clean and jerk to work on coordination.