L'outil idéal pour assurer le pilotage séquentiel et sonore des exercices et dégager ainsi l’entraîneur des fastidieux coups de sifflets, afin qu'il puisse se consacrer exclusivement à l'animation de sa séance sans perdre de vue ses athlètes en action.
Luc Léger’s Shuttle test
How to calculate your maximal aerobic speed with the Shuttle's test

Luc Léger’s Shuttle test !

Today we are going to talk about Luc Léger’s Shuttle test and answer the question:

how to calculate your maximum aerobic speed with the shuttle test?

It is an endurance test that determines the maximum aerobic speed (MAS) and estimates the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2Max) from this.

 The canadian doctor Luc Léger has created this physical test

It is used in :

  • the sport field, for example withe the French handball team with our ambassadir :Pierre Terzi (thanks to the french national team)
  • the school field (physical education and sport)
  • in the tests of the army and other state corporations: fire brigade, police, gendarmerie.

This test is easy to set up, can be collective or individual, and does not require a warm-up.

It requires little space to be realized : a corridor a 20 meters is sufficient. It takes place in a gym for indoor sports.


Luc Léger's Shuttle test

Luc Léger’s Shuttle test



How to calculate your maximal aerobic speed with the Shuttle's test

Objective of Luc LEGER’s shuttle test




This test was created by Dr Luc LEGER. It consists of following a set running speed by means of beeps.

Run as long as possible, making as many round trips as possible between two strips 20 metres apart (or around an athletics track). By respecting an imposed speed which will increase progressively to reach the speed limit of the athlete’s capacity.

At each beep, the athlete must be at one of the two lines spaced 20m apart. Explain to the athletes that they must have one foot behind the line when they hear a beep. They can’t get ahead of themselves. The aim is to understand and integrate the imposed pace in order to have a regular race, so as not to have to stop at each marker: by smoothing out your race, you optimise it.



schéma test navette

shuttle test scheme




Setting up the Shuttle test




  • Draw two parallel strips 20 metres apart for a group test (or place 2 studs metres apart for an individual test). For information, the standard width of an indoor handball court is 20 metres
  • Bring a soundtrack (or simply take your Sportbeeper).
  • Set up several referees to supervise the test and mark the results (remember to prepare the list of players in advance).
  • Explain the test 

The document below is essential to individualise the work of your players according to the level. The two columns to be used are the one on the left (level) in relation to the column on the right (extrapolation with the VMA on the track).

Example: If a player stops at level 11, this means that he has a VMA of 17km/h. Thus, during a “30/30” exercise at 100% of the VMA (for example) this will allow you to individualise the distance. The player will therefore have to run 142m to achieve his goal.






Conduct of the test




Evaluate your MAS by going to the extreme limit of your physical possibilities. This test also has an important psychological aspect.

The reliability of MAS tests depends on the athlete’s investment.


Start of the test : 

  • The Shuttle test starts at 8.5km/h. The test is progressive so there is no need to warm up (it’s very very slow 8,5km/h…)
  • then the speed increases by 0.5km/h every minute: this corresponds to crossing a plateau.
  • Be careful: once the test starts, you can’t stop it (so make sure you understand the test, the laces, the appropriate clothing, and hydration beforehand).


Conduct of the test

Each athlete must have one foot behind the line when the beep sounds. The distance to be covered remains the same: 20 metres, but the speed is increased by 0.5 km/h every minute.)


End of the test

The athlete will stop (or be stopped by the “judges”), as soon as he/she is 2 meters behind the 20 meter line. This is a personal test, so each athlete will “give up” when he/she is at the end of his/her capacity.

To complete your results, you can equip your athletes with tools to measure their heart rate.

MAS = Speed of the last stage reached FULLY


Example of the use of the Navette test by the Army 


  • Presentation of the CSO recruitment tests

The physical assessment course at the Selection and Orientation Centre (CSO) is divided into three parts.

  • Endurance prediction test “Luc LEGER test 

This is a progressive test of a 20-metre shuttle run in one minute increments to assess the candidate’s aerobic capacity.

The speeds are set by means of a soundtrack that emits sounds at regular intervals.

The test starts slowly at level 1, which corresponds to 8km/h.

The speed is gradually increased by 0.5 km/h every minute.

Male candidates are assessed between Step 1 and Step 10 (13km/h), female candidates are assessed between Step 1 and Step 7 (11.5km/h)

  • The evaluation pathway

C’est un parcours chronométré d’obstacles, d’une longueur de 60 mètres qui est effectué 2 fois.

It is designed to assess the candidate’s agility, coordination, sense of balance, skill and dynamism.

  • EVAT, SMA, VDAT scales

To get the highest scores and the best rating, you must:

Male candidates

  •  Achieve Level 8 in the Luc Léger shuttle test,
  • Perform at least 4 pull-ups
  • Complete two laps of the obstacle course in less than 3 min and 30 sec.


Women candidates

  •  Reach Level 7 on the Luc Léger shuttle test,
  •  Hold at least one pull,
  •  Complete two laps of the obstacle course in less than 3 min 30 sec.



Référence : bibliothèque cepsi sportSite Internet : www.cofat.terre.defense.gouv.fr



Luc Léger's Shuttle test